Lavatera: growing from seed in the garden
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Beautiful lavatera is considered a plant for the lazy - it is so undemanding to conditions and care. At the same time, the decorative qualities of the lavater are beyond praise.
Thanks to the work of breeders, this plant is today represented in culture in many varieties. In addition to attractiveness, lavatera also has healing properties: it relieves headaches, coughs and other symptoms of the common cold.
Our article will introduce you to the species and varieties of this plant. You can also learn from it:
- how to grow lavender and seeds;
- how to care for the plant during the season;
- how to collect lavater seeds;
- how to prepare perennial plant varieties for wintering.
Planting and caring for the lavater
- Landing: sowing seeds in the ground - in late April or early May: sowing seeds for seedlings - in early March, planting seedlings in the ground - from mid to late May.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: loose, light, well-drained, not too fertile.
- Watering: moderate, but in drought it is regular and abundant.
- Garter: tall varieties need to be tied to supports that are installed during planting.
- Top dressing: only when grown in very poor soils, once every 4-8 weeks with a complex mineral fertilizer.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: aphid.
- Diseases: rust.
Read more about growing lavater below.
Flowers lavatera (lat.Lavatera), or khatma, or wild Rose, belong to the genus of trees, shrubs and herbs of the Malvaceae family. The genus is not numerous, has only about 25 species, growing mostly in Australia, East Asia and the Mediterranean. The plant was named Lavater in honor of the Lavater brothers, famous naturalists and doctors from Switzerland in the 17th century. In garden culture, the plant has been known since the 16th century, but it hit the trend twenty years ago - these tall beauties with bright and delicate flowers did not grow in a rare yard at that time. Today the garden lavater is as popular as it was two decades ago.
Thanks to the continuous work of breeders, today among the representatives of the genus Lavater there are many annual and perennial herbaceous plants, reaching a height of 50 to 150 cm, with a well-developed root system, a powerful crown and strong branches. The leaves in most species are lobed, covered with hairs and arranged in a regular order. The flowers are large - up to 10 cm in diameter, yellow, white, crimson, purple or pink, growing singly or in several pieces from the axils of the bracts and forming spike-shaped or racemose terminal inflorescences, bloom in early summer and bloom until mid-autumn.
They say that the lavater flower is a plant for the lazy or for those who never have time, and to some extent this statement is true - the lavater is unpretentious in maintenance, undemanding to the soil, drought-resistant and not afraid of strong winds. Lavatera flowers look fresh when cut for over a week.
Growing Lavater from seeds
How to sow seeds
Lavater flowers are planted in open ground in regions with a warm climate in late April or early May. Before planting the lavater, a bucket of compost or humus and 2 tablespoons of nitrophoska are added to the soil for digging one square meter. Then the soil is leveled, grooves are made in it with a depth of 1 cm, they are spilled with warm water and dry seeds of lavater are sown, and then they are sprinkled on top with a mixture of garden soil with humus in equal proportions, sealed and immediately covered with a transparent film.
Lavatera from seeds germinates, as a rule, after a week, and when the seedlings reach 5 cm in height, the shelter is removed, the seedlings are thinned out and the area is loosened with light hilling. If you did not have the opportunity to apply fertilizers to the garden soil before sowing the seeds, the first top dressing in the form of a complex mineral fertilizer is applied after removing the covering material.
To achieve the earliest flowering, there is a seedling method for growing lavater. When to sow lavender? If you plan to plant seedlings outdoors in May, planting lavater on seedlings is carried out in early March. Before sowing the lavater, it is necessary to place drainage on the bottom of the seedling boxes, and on top - the seedling soil purchased from the flower shop. Then the soil must be watered with warm water and, having buried dry seeds literally one centimeter into it, cover the crops with glass or film and put in a bright place. Remove condensation from glass and moisten soil as needed.
After two weeks, seedlings will appear, which may need additional lighting for successful growth - in case of insufficient light, the seedlings become too stretched and thinner. Once the seeds have germinated, the glass can be removed. Caring for the lavater before transplanting it into open ground will consist in periodically moistening the soil and turning the container with seedlings around its axis to achieve uniform seedling development.
Growing lavater flowers by seed method does not provide for picking seedlings - grown and strengthened seedlings are immediately planted in open ground.
When to plant
Lavater planting in the ground is carried out when the threat of frost has passed - from the end of April in areas with a warm climate and at the end of May in areas with cooler conditions. For the lavater, a sunny place with light, loose, well-drained soil is preferable. If you are planning to plant a tall variety of Lavatera, you will need to install stem supports right away.
How to plant
To plant the lavater, use the 20x25 scheme - this distance between the seedlings and the rows will be enough so that, while fully developing, the plants look compact.
Lavater care consists of watering the plant as needed. Lavatera is a drought-resistant plant, but she still needs to drink - in dry times, once a week at the rate of 2-3 buckets per large bush, and if the summer is not too hot, then it can be less often.
Tie large, sprawling bushes to supports to keep them from looking messy. The soil near tall plants can only be loosened until the plants reach a meter height, because the superficial root system of the plants can be damaged. Remove wilted flowers in time, which become limp after rain, turning into a slimy mass that leaves burns on the leaves.
As for fertilizers for the lavater, the first time it is fed, as soon as it gets stronger after planting, with a solution of a tablespoon of nitrophosphate and a tablespoon of urea in 10 liters of water, but this is only if you did not fertilize the soil before planting. If you dug up the soil with fertilizers, then you can skip the first feeding. The second time you will need to fertilize at the very beginning of the budding process. Composition: one tablespoon of sodium sulfate and potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water is the norm for one large bush.
That, perhaps, is all the trouble with the lavater.
Pests and diseases
As you have already seen, planting and caring for a lavater is within the power of even a beginner. The fight against pests and diseases will not exhaust you either, since Lavater is extremely rarely affected by both. Sometimes there is an invasion of aphids on the garden plot, then the lavater also gets it. You can get rid of this trouble by treating plants with systemic preparations Aktara, rust or preparations of combined action with rust or rust.
Sometimes lavatera suffers from rust infestation, which appears as brown, brown or yellow spots on the underside of the leaves. It is necessary to remove all parts affected by the disease, and the plants should be treated with Bordeaux liquid, Cuproxat or Topaz. Specimens heavily affected by rust are best removed from the site and burned.
Lavatera after flowering
How and when to collect seeds
After the flowers of the lavater wilt and fall off, green boxes with seeds are found in their place, which must be allowed to ripen. The indicator of seed maturity is the dried boll, which has changed color from green to brown. Open one of them: if the seeds are gray-brown and easily fall out of the box, you can start collecting them. This usually happens in early autumn. The boxes are carefully cut off, seeds are poured out of them onto paper, which are dried in a dry ventilated room on a newspaper, and then stored in a paper bag or linen bag.
Annual lavatera in winter
The annual lavater must be disposed of, and the area from under it must be dug up. Keep in mind that Lavatera reproduces by self-seeding, and next spring a flower bed may form in this place without your participation.
Wintering of perennial lavater
Perennial lavater hibernates in the ground. It is necessary to bend its stems as low as possible to the ground, fix them in this position and cover them with dry foliage, spruce branches or covering material.
Types and varieties
Three types of lavatera are grown in culture: one-year-old lavatera, which is a three-month-old lavatera, perennial lavatera, represented by Thuringian lavatera, and two-year lavatera, the only representative of which is tree lavatera.
Three-month lavatera (Lavatera trimestris)
An annual up to 120 cm high. The lower leaves are heart-shaped or rounded with teeth at the edges, the upper ones are three- or five-lobed. Flowers are solitary, funnel-shaped, up to 10 cm in diameter, growing from leaf axils. The closer to the top of the plant, the denser the flowers grow and the shorter the peduncles. Five-lobed corolla of carmine, white or pink color. It has been cultivated since 1620. Blooms very profusely from July. Varieties:
- Silver Cap - pink lavatera with burgundy veins and silvery tint, up to 70 cm high;
- Mont Blanc - white flowers with dark veins 60 cm high;
- Lavatera Ruby Queen - a variety with powerful, branched stems up to one meter in height and rich carmine flowers;
- Lavatera Pretty Woman - a mighty bush with large sparkling inflorescences of white, carmine or pink;
- lavatera sun goddess - a mixture of seeds of tall lavater. The height of the bush is 110 cm, beautiful dark green leaves, the diameter of the flower is 6 cm. Lavatera The Sun Goddess is represented by a wide palette of colors;
- Novella - pink low-growing lavatera up to 20 cm high, which can be grown in containers, but in the garden it grows to a more substantial size;
- White Sherub - undersized variety up to 35 cm tall with large white flowers. Suitable for growing in containers and pots.
Lavatera thuringiaca, or Dog Rose (Lavatera thuringiaca)
Powerful branched perennial up to two meters high with heart-shaped and rounded hard-pubescent leaves of gray-green color. The lower leaves are lobed, the upper leaves are entire. Single pink flowers up to 10 cm in diameter appear on long pedicels from the axils of the leaves. Varieties:
- Lilac Lady - lilac lavater;
- I catcher - lavatera with dense pink flowers;
- Burgundy Wine - pink flowers with dark purple veins;
- Barnsley Baby - a variety with delicate white and pink flowers;
- Bregon Springs - a tall, luxurious variety up to 130 cm in height with powerful highly branched bushes with thick three-lobed gray-green leaves. It blooms profusely and continuously with pink-lilac flowers with raspberry veins. Drought-resistant, winters under light shelter.
Lavatera arborea (Lavatera arborea)
Two-year-old lavatera with a straight slender stem up to two meters high, oval leaves up to 20 cm long. The reddish-purple flowers with darker veins are similar to hibiscus flowers, and the spherical fruits that form in their place after flowering are like cheese heads. Blooms from early June to mid September. There are variegated forms. Varieties:
- Rosea - Lavater with spectacular pink flowers;
- Candy Floss - light pink lavater.
Seaside lavatera (Lavatera maritime, or Lavatera bicolor)
In warm regions, another type of lavatera grows - seaside lavatera. She received the second name for the two-tone color of flowers - two shades of lilac. The seaside lavater reaches a height of one and a half meters.
Cretan Lavatera (Lavatera cretica)
It is also possible to grow in the conditions of our climate, Cretan lavatera, a herbaceous plant up to 1.8 m high with erect, branched tomentose-pubescent stems, the same hairy rounded five-lobed or seven-lobed leaves up to 20 cm in length, with a heart-shaped base and a blunt apex and with small teeth along the edge. Her flowers are up to 3.5 cm in diameter, purple or lilac, collected in 2-8 pieces in the leaf axils.
In the warmest regions of our country, you can also grow the Moorish Lavatera, a low plant up to 80 cm tall. Its stems are tomentose, erect, branched, leaves are rounded, lobed, with a pointed apex. Purple flowers up to 3 cm in diameter.
The lavater is interesting not only for its decorative qualities, but also for its healing properties: preparations with its content are used in the treatment of coughs, colds, headaches, intestinal disorders, for joint and muscle aches, gastritis and gynecological diseases. Fresh leaves of Thuringian Lavater are effective in the treatment of non-healing wounds, lichens, boils and other purulent formations.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Malvaceae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
- Information about Annual Plants
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Annuals Mallow Plants on L
Lavatera: growing from seed by seedlings
Lavateru, like many other shrubs, is most often planted directly in open ground. However, the conditions of the middle lane do not always allow this, especially if the spring is late. In this case, the risk of delaying the onset of flowering increases greatly.In this situation, the best option is to grow lavater seedlings.
- The technique of working with it is the same as for some annuals. Firstly, the sowing itself will be carried out in March, you can plan it for the beginning of the month. It will take a day to prepare the seeds. They are selected by immersing them in a saline solution (viable - they will settle to the bottom). After that, the inoculum is washed with clean water, then treated with a solution of potassium permanganate of low concentration. This promotes better growth.
- Now containers and soil are being picked up. For this, it is best to use a combination of peat, turf and humus. However, you can pick up the substrate from the area where the bushes will later be planted. Lavater is sown not in separate containers, but in a common one. The most logical choice is a long box that creates furrows on the surface of the soil. Then they are filled with seeds and covered with a new layer of earth. After that, the soil is necessarily moistened by abundant spraying. Direct spray irrigation is not permitted.
- An important point in sowing lavater on seedlings is covering the box with glass or film. This will keep moisture and warmth, and therefore, increase the chances of quick, healthy seedlings. The most deadline for this is a week, after which the sprouts begin to hatch, if the temperature is maintained at 15 degrees.A transplant is usually carried out in May. It is worth noting that in late spring, seedlings must be covered at night. If the frost stops, the plant will survive without such measures.
Sowing seeds in containers
Using small tweezers, I place the hatched seeds immediately into separate containers. I use the usual soil "universal for seedlings", I mix it with pre-prepared soil from my garden in a 1: 1 ratio. I cover the crops with cling film until green shoots appear. When the first green leaves appear, I remove the film. Further care consists in watering and in infrequent fertilizing with complex fertilizers.
Seedlings of lavender in containers. Photo by Alisa Gareeva
When to sow Lavatera for seedlings in 2021 according to the lunar calendar?
If this is your first time seedlings, then we advise you to use the lunar calendar to determine the date of sowing.
The general rule that is true for seedlings of any flowers, except for bulbous and tuberous ones: you need to sow seeds on the growing moon... Sowing on the full moon and new moon is prohibited.
ON A NOTE. It is permissible to plant seedlings in the phase of the dying moon, but only if it is impossible to plant on a good day.
4. Planting strawberry seedlings in open ground
Planting strawberry seedlings in the garden right away would be too easy. This culture is not as simple as it seems. First you need to accustom her to the open air by exposing her to the balcony or veranda. The first time the plants should be kept outdoors for only a few minutes, gradually increasing the hardening period.
If everything is done correctly, the seedlings will be ready for planting in open ground in May. Plant young plants when the soil warms up to 15 ° C (in the middle lane, this is usually mid-May).
The distance between the seedlings in the garden bed should be at least 30 cm. After planting, the strawberries should be well watered. The culture loves fertile soil, so it is unlikely to grow well on any other soil.
It is possible to transplant strawberries into open ground only after proper hardening.
It is worth choosing a sunny place for planting strawberries, but at first it is recommended to shade young plants from direct sunlight. Do not forget about watering, especially during flowering and fruit setting. Then strawberries will certainly delight you with large and juicy berries.
Planting and caring for lavatera flowers (with video)
Care. Plant care consists in the destruction of weeds, moderate watering, loosening the soil, regular (3-4 times per season) fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers. The stems of tall varieties are tied to stakes. To stimulate the formation of new buds, the faded flowers are cut off.
Water the lavater as the soil dries up once a week up to 20-30 liters per large bush.
The first feeding is carried out before flowering: 10 liters of water are diluted with 1 tablespoon of urea and nitrophosphate.
The second feeding is carried out when flower buds appear: 1 tablespoon of organic fertilizer "Flower" and potassium sulfate are diluted into 10 liters of water. Solution consumption - up to 10 liters per large bush.
Note. Despite the resistance to drought, the soil with lavender should not be allowed to dry out, otherwise it will affect its flowering. The flower belongs to melliferous plants and is pollinated by insects.
When exposed to moisture from dew or rain, wilted flowers turn into a sticky mass that damages the leaves. Therefore, they must be cut off from the plants. This improves their appearance and prevents various diseases.
In the fall, the seeds of the plant fall into the soil and germinate in the spring. In the same place next year, the lavater will appear again, so you won't have to plant it.
You can, if you wish, collect the seeds of the plant and plant them elsewhere. If ripe, but not yet dried seeds are removed from the lavater bush, then it will bloom before the onset of frost.
See how the Lavater flowers are planted and taken care of in the video, which illustrates all the subtleties of agricultural technology:
Diseases. Lavatera is resistant to disease, but sometimes rust. Sick branches are cut off, and in case of significant damage, the entire plant is destroyed.
Application. Lavatera is suitable for creating ridges, mixborders, borders, group plantings, lawn decoration. A flower garden looks beautiful with a laver of different varieties (with white and pink flowers). After cutting, it stays in the water for up to 7 days.
In single plantings, the plant does not look as impressive as in clumps. Lavater is used in mixborders next to delphinium, cereals, lupine, stock-rose, rabatki, but it looks most effective in separate massifs.