How to take care of strawberry plants
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The temperatures are starting to plummet, and that means it is time to prepare your strawberry plants for winter, whether you grow them in the ground, or in pots! Strawberries are one of the easiest perennials to grow. But they do require a little preventive care before winter to ensure a healthy, productive crop the following year. First and foremost, all strawberry plants need to be protected from the cold. When it comes to mulch, the key is choosing a material that allows for air to still get to the plants and roots below.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Strawberry Plant Care - Part 1 of 3Content:
- How to Grow Strawberries – Care and Harvest Strawberry Plants
- Strawberry plants: what to do after fruiting
- How to grow strawberries at home
- Top 10 Tips for Growing Strawberries
- How to grow strawberries
- Growing Strawberries in the Southeast
- How To Prepare And Protect Your Strawberry Plants For Winter!
- Growing Strawberries
How to Grow Strawberries – Care and Harvest Strawberry Plants
Strawberries can be an easy and delicious fruit crop for the home garden if a few cultural requirements are met. Fortunately, strawberries can thrive in a wide range of soil types and conditions throughout New Jersey. Like most fruit crops, strawberry plants require as much exposure to sunlight as possible, so a site with full sun all day or at least 8 hours of sun is desirable.
Some late-afternoon shade is tolerable in mid-summer, but yield is reduced in shady areas. Sites with well-drained soil are best for strawberry plant health and growth. It is also advantageous to select a site with good air drainage: a gentle slope or the top of a hill. Strawberries flower at a time when there is still a chance for late spring frosts which can kill the flowers.
Avoiding low-lying areas will help to avoid settling of cold air around the plants frost pockets and help to prevent damage to newly opened flowers. When purchasing strawberry plants, look for nurseries that offer virus-indexed tested and deemed virus disease-free plants. Strawberry plants are typically sold as dormant crowns Figure 1. Dormant crowns should be planted in the garden as soon as possible or kept moist and cool, by wrapping them in damp paper and placing them in a plastic bag in a refrigerator 1—3 weeks , until ready to plant.
Avoid placing dormant crowns in a refrigerator filled with fruit such as apples or pineapple, which will produce natural ethylene ripening gas and begin to break the dormancy of the plants prematurely. Strawberries are also sold in garden centers as actively growing potted plants.
These potted plants should be kept watered and in full sunlight until they can be transplanted into the garden. There are two types of strawberry cultivars. June-bearers flower and fruit only in the spring, while day-neutral cultivars produce both a spring and fall crop. The performance of strawberry cultivars varies widely with local environmental conditions. Experiment with several cultivars to determine which will perform the best at a specific site.
Planting several cultivars with different ripening seasons can also help to extend the harvest season. The use of disease-resistant strawberry cultivars is recommended especially on poorly drained sites to help reduce the occurrence of two primary diseases of strawberry: red stele and verticillium wilt.
Note: Varieties with resistance to specific diseases do not become infected or show symptoms, while tolerant varieties will get the disease but the symptoms are delayed or reduced in severity.
Preparations for any crop should begin with a soil test. Test kits with mailing envelopes and soil sampling instructions can be obtained at your local county Rutgers Cooperative Extension office. Forms and instructions are also available online at njaes. The test results will indicate the pH of the soil, the level of certain macro- and micronutrients, and recommend appropriate amendments.
The optimal soil pH range for strawberry growth is 6. In the absence of a soil test, apply or at a rate of 2 pounds per square feet when the first runners or daughter plants Figure 2 are rooting, and again in mid-August. June-bearing strawberry plants should be transplanted 24—36" apart and dayneutrals 12—24" apart in rows 4 feet apart.
Take care to set strawberry plants at the proper depth see Figure 2. The growing bud should be exposed to sunlight, the roots spread, and well-covered with soil. Keep newly planted strawberries well-watered. Good weed control is important because strawberries do not compete well for water, nutrients, and sunlight. Weeds also can be a source of diseases and harbor insects. Weeds can be controlled mechanically by hand-weeding and shallow hoeing or cultivation. Small weeds remove easier and die faster than large weeds with well-established root systems.
Mulch can also be used to prevent germination and growth of weeds. Mulch can be laid around the strawberry crowns after planting, and gradually removed where runners are beginning to root.
The down side is that mulch may harbor pests such as slugs or rodents. Strawberry plants will break dormancy and produce leaves and then flowers soon after transplanting into the garden. During the first year all of the flowers of June bearing strawberries should be removed. For day-neutral strawberries the flowers should be removed for the first six weeks but flowers produced later in the summer can be left to grow fruit in the fall.
Flower removal will help encourage strawberry plants to produce runners that will root and form new plants Figure 3. The runners should be encouraged to develop multiple new plants in what is called a matted row.
To overwinter the strawberry bed, cover with clean free of weeds and mature grain heads straw mulch 4" deep to protect the plants from severe cold, fluctuating temperatures, and soil heaving. Mulch should be applied once the plants have become dormant, typically in early to mid-December.
Mulch should be removed when the plant resumes growth in the spring typically late March. Remove the straw from on top of the bed to the side of the row where it will then serve as a mulch to block weeds and keep berries clean. Open strawberry blossoms are sensitive to sub-freezing temperatures. A good way to prevent damage to flowers is to cover the bed with lightweight cloth or floating rowcovers.
Floating rowcovers are a cloth-like material that trap heat from the sun and increase the temperature underneath a few degrees. Covers should be removed during the daylight when temperatures rise again to allow for insect pollination, and replaced before nightfall if necessary.
Blossoms with black centers have been damaged by cold temperatures and will not develop into fruit. If a strawberry planting is to be fruited another year, it needs to be renovated after harvest to rejuvenate the planting.
The leaves should be removed using a lawn mower set high, or line trimmer, being careful not to damage the crown. Rows should be narrowed to 12" by digging out or rototilling and removing the oldest plants.
It is important that the planting does not become too dense, since this will cause a decrease in fruit size and an increase in disease and insect pressure. Fertilizer should be applied to renew invigorate the planting. It is best to fruit the same planting no more than three years to maintain optimal production and quality. New strawberry plantings of purchased virus-free stock can be established during the last year of fruiting of the old planting, to allow for a year of establishment, without sacrificing yield.
Strawberries are ready to pick 30 days after they bloom. Fruit should be allowed to ripen on the plant and picked in the morning when cool. Pick ripe fruit and remove any diseased, overripe, or damaged fruit from the garden. Leave the green calyx cap attached to the fruit to increase storability. Place uneaten ripe fruit in plastic bags or plastic or glass containers and refrigerate immediately. Do not wash fruit before storage but wash immediately before consumption.
When picked cool and refrigerated, strawberries can often be stored up to a week. Department of Agriculture, and Boards of County Commissioners. Rutgers Cooperative Extension, a unit of the Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, is an equal opportunity program provider and employer.
Home Fruit and Nut Gardening Publications. Site Selection Like most fruit crops, strawberry plants require as much exposure to sunlight as possible, so a site with full sun all day or at least 8 hours of sun is desirable. Zoom in Figure 1. Dormant strawberry crowns. Zoom in Figure 2. Parts of a strawberry plant. Zoom in Figure 3. Strawberry plant producing runners. All rights reserved. For more information: njaes.
Strawberry plants: what to do after fruiting
Contact your local county Extension office through our County Office List. Print this fact sheet. Hughes, J. Ells, G. Schweitermann and J. Henson and S. Strawberries require at least eight hours of full sun each day of the growing season to produce at their maximum capability.
This information sheet provides you with basic advice on planting, care and Strawberry plants do very well in all types of containers: plastic, wood.
How to grow strawberries at home
Australian House and Garden. People swear strawberries don't taste as sweet as they used to, tomatoes have no flavour and roses lack perfume. While some people do lose their sense of taste and smell, for most of us growing our own is guaranteed to put the flavour back into fruit and the scent back into roses. We'll have to wait until after winter to grow tomatoes , but strawberries and roses can be planted in May—June. Both enjoy full sun, with fertile, well-drained soil and without too much competition from other plants. Strawberries are sold in small pots at nurseries or can be bought by mail-order try Diggers. Buy virus-free stock as strawberries are prone to disease. About 20—30 plants provide enough fruit for a family, but even a couple of plants can be a delight to grow.
Top 10 Tips for Growing Strawberries
There is not a fruit that captures the essence of summer better than strawberries. Whether they spill out of strawberry towers, tumble from hanging baskets, troughs and containers or share a spot in the flower or vegetable garden. Planting strawberries in winter means the plants have plenty of time to get established to ensure you get a bumper harvest come summer. You will get the best flavour from strawberries that are planted in a sunny spot. Strawberries like to have room to breathe so give them at least 30cm of depth in the soil and at least 40cm between each row of plants.
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How to grow strawberries
Strawberries Fragaria are one of the most popular and delicious fruits in Australia but did you know that strawberries are actually a part of the rose family? They are packed with nutrients and are an amazing source of antioxidants but have you ever tried to grow your own at home? Australia is home to a number of different types of strawberries, the most popular varieties are:. The best time of year to plant strawberries is in Autumn and early Spring. To keep your strawberries happy plant them in a sunny spot with moist, well-drained soil.
Growing Strawberries in the Southeast
There is no greater way to feel connected to the earth than taking a bite out of fruits or veggies plucked right from the vine in your own garden, and this rings especially true with strawberries! Ripened to perfection and warm from the sun, their sweet, juicy flavor is just undeniable. Growing a strawberry plant is surprisingly simple, as long as it receives the proper care. We often hear this question at the garden center, and the answer is a resounding, yes! Yes, yes, yes, you can! With that said, there is a bit of a caveat.
Strawberries will grow well in many types of soil, but the most desirable soil Unless clean plants are purchased, however, the disease may be introduced.
How To Prepare And Protect Your Strawberry Plants For Winter!
Florida strawberries can be planted in home gardens beginning in the fall and enjoyed through the winter and spring. All varieties produce berries for fresh eating or freezing. In Florida, these conditions occur throughout the fall, winter, and spring. Strawberries in Florida are planted in September to early November, and flowering and fruit continue through April or May.
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Few things are as delicious as homegrown strawberries, and the success of your harvest begins right with the planting site and method.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Strawberries take up hardly any room, produce attractive flowers and delicious fruit, and are easy to maintain. Follow our advice on growing your own. Strawberries can be grown in a wide range of soils, from light sand to heavy clay. However, waterlogging will cause the fruits to become diseased and the plant to rot.
Not only for their survival, but for strong growth and production next year too. The first is knowing which variety you grow — June bearing or everbearing? While the second depends on where and how you grow your strawberries — whether it be in a garden setting, raised bed, or in containers. With that in mind, here is a in-depth look at how to properly protect your strawberry plants.