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A collection of bromeliads placed on a tree at Costa Flores, Costa Rica. Bromeliads are a family of plants Bromeliaceae, the pineapple family native to tropical North and South America. Commercial pineapple, Ananas comosus , in the field. The commercial pineapple Ananas comosus is native to southern Brazil and Paraguay.
After the colonization of the New World it was rapidly transported to all areas of the tropics, and now is widely grown in tropical and sub-tropical areas. It is neither Spanish nor a moss but an epiphytic bromeliad. Many bromeliads are tropical epiphytes. Bromeliads are monocots, many of which, like their grass relatives, have a special form of photosynthesis that uses a variation of the more usual biochemical pathways to allow them to use water more efficiently.
Even though they come from the tropics, this helps those that are epiphytes contend with life in the treetops where there is limited water and a real danger of drying out.
There are about species and several thousand hybrids and cultivars. Many have brightly colored leaves, flowers or fruit, and range in size from moss-like species of Tillandsia to the enormous Puya raimondii from the Andes which produces a flowering stem up to 15 feet tall. About half of these grow in the ground, while the remainder are An epiphytic bromeliad growing on a tree trunk.
They cling to these supports with their roots but derive no nourishment from the trees. The small root system is used primarily for anchorage and the functions of water and nutrient uptake has been taken over by the leaves.
Most bromeliads grow as a stemless rosette of leaves that may be symmetrical or twisted and curled. Tank bromeliads in a tree. Tank bromeliads have leaves that form a reservoir to hold water at their bases, with the largest bromeliads holding up to two gallons of water.
Tillandsia punctata inflorescence L and flower closeup R. The flowers of most bromeliads are rather insignificant but the inflorescences can be quite spectacular with colorful bracts The tall inflorescence of Vriesea imperialis L and closeup of the pendant flower spikes with a single white flower open R.
The true flowers, or florets, have three petals and 3 sepals surrounding six stamens and one stigma. The inflorescence may be an elongated spike, a panicle or raceme, or the flowers may occur in the center of the rosette, blooming one at a time over several months. Dramatic plantings of huge Vriesea imperilis underplanted with red Iresine L and a Neoregelia hybrid set against black mondo grass R. Bromeliads flourish in tropical and subtropical climates and are often used in these areas as bedding plants for outdoor ornamental plantings.
Since no bromeliads will survive freezing, they can only be enjoyed as indoor plants in more temperate climates. If you do grow bromeliads as houseplants, they can be moved outdoors to enjoy natural rainfall and humidity during the warm summer months. Bromeliads in the landscape at a private home in Costa Rica. Types of Bromeliads There are more than 50 genera of bromeliads, and many can be grown successfully as houseplants.
The eight most commonly cultivated genera include the following. The nearly species of Aechmea are all tank epiphtyes.
They have broadly bowl-shaped rosettes with arching leaves. The leathery, strap-like leaves may be solid, spotted, striped or banded but all have sharp teeth on the margins. The cylindrical, cone-like upright or pendant inflorescences have large, colorful bracts that remain in color for weeks or even months.
They are often red, pink or orange, with blue, yellow or black flowers The flowers are often followed by fleshy, bright red or blue berries. Most are easy to grow, but need bright light. Aechmea ornata plants L ; blooming A. The terrestrial tank bromeliad Billbergia litoralis growing in restinga habitat on sand dunes near Salvador, Brazil. Billbergia is similar to Aechmea but its rosettes generally have only a few leaves that form a narrow tube or vase. There are about 60 species. The spine-edged leaves often have white or silver spots or banding, especially on the undersides.
The inflorescences are mainly pendent and only last a couple of weeks, so they are grown primarily as foliage plants rather than flowering plants. The inflorescence is covered with pink, coral or red bracts and the flowers range from almost colorless to deep violet.
A few are fragrant. They are easy to grow and are nice as hanging plants, since they often look best when viewed from below. Another attractive feature is that they tolerate dry air and can survive neglect better than most other plants.
Cryptanthus bivattatus Ruby Cryptanthus is a terrestrial genus with nearly flat, star-shaped rosettes that do not hold water. This group of 50 species and several hundred hybrids is grown primarily for the foliage. The leaves are succulent, often have wavy and toothed margins, and are generally strongly banded or frosted with gray, white or bronze, often on a pink to red background color.
Some popular cultivars have very elaborate banding with sharp zigzag patterns. Some have narrow, almost grassy, leaves. They are moisture-loving, and are good for terrariums. Their popularity has spurred the formation of a separate Cryptanthus Society within the Bromeliad Society. Dyckia delicata Dyckia is another terrestrial genus with species whose rosettes do not hold water. The succulent leaves are very stiff and spiny.
Some species have green leaves but most appear gray-green or white from the dense scale covering. Most species clump, forming large mats. Small, bright yellow or orange flowers are borne on unbranched spikes that emerge from between the leaves instead of from the center as with other bromeliads. The rosette does not die after flowering as it does in most bromeliad species.
This genus needs very bright light and will tolerate months of drought, but need copious amounts of water during the growing season. Most of the more than species of Guzmania are tank bromeliads. The leaves are generally dark green but a few are colored and shiny with smooth margins. The fountain-like inflorescences have large, brightly colored bracts in yellow, green, purple, scarlet or red that last for months, and white or yellow flowers.
These species come from shadier habitats than most other bromeliads, so will do well in lower light conditions. Many hybrids are well adapted to the home environment. Guzmania lingulata L and Guzmania hyrbrids C and R. The or so species of Neoregelia are all tank types. The rosettes are generally broad but some are vase-shaped.
The leaves vary considerably among these species, and may be green, banded, striped, or spotted with various colors. The center leaves of many species turn bright pink, purple or red at maturity. Newer hybrids are frequently patterned in glowing pastels even when young. The leaf margins are normally serrated but not spiny. The inconspicuous inflorescence barely rises above the water in the center of the plant, with small white, blue or lavender flowers, so these plants are grown primarily for their colorful foliage.
These species develop the best color in strong light and with cool night temperatures. Various hybrid Neoregelia showing colorful central leaves and tiny flowers in the center R. Tillandsia is the largest group in the family, with considerable diversity among the described epiphytic species.
Most do not form tanks and have gray-green leaves. The smooth-margined leaves are densely covered with fuzzy scales that give the plants their characteristic color. Many species have strange growth form, with curling, twisted, or otherwise distorted leaves. Rosettes vary from very symmetrical to highly contorted. Inflorescences are quite variable also. They range from barely visible to long, multi-branched spikes.
The spikes are often colorful, and the pink, red or lavender bracts enclosing the flowers are usually the showiest part. Some species have fragrant flowers. The duration of flowering varies considerably by species, from a couple of weeks to a full year. Tillandsias require more humidity than tank bromeliads and tend to dehydrate in the dry air of most homes, but can still be grown successfully with more frequent watering misting is not adequate.
A variety of grey Tillandias in a conservatory, including Spanish moss, T. Vriesea is a group of about species that are mostly tank epiphytes, with the rosettes forming broad vases. The smooth-margined leaves are either shiny green or patterned with scales or translucent windows.
The spectacular inflorescences are most flattened, creating a sword-shaped appearance. The single or branched inflorescences are composed of brightly colored, overlapping bracts of brilliant red or yellow that last for months. Many are bicolored and numerous hybrids have been produced that are far superior in color and ease of culture than the wild species. They adapt to a wide range of conditions and generally make good houseplants. Vriesea ospinae var. Bromeliad Culture as Houseplants Bromeliads will survive for months or even years under less than ideal conditions.
In order to thrive you need to provide your plant with satisfactory light, temperature, humidity and keep them appropriately watered, fertilized and potted. Many bromeliads make good houseplants because they thrive under lower light conditions. Bromeliads should receive 12 to 16 hours daily of relatively bright light.
Most species need footcandles but will have more compact growth and better leaf and inflorescence color at footcandles. The different species vary in their requirements but the general rule is to give a plant as much light as it can tolerate without burning or bleaching. At these higher light levels the plants must also have higher humidity and more air circulation to prevent drying and burning.
Landscape and Lawn Management - Grand Rapids Community College
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Grand Rapids poised to develop 'triangular' partnership to help impoverished students
Opened in , Meijer Gardens quickly established itself in the Midwest as a major cultural attraction jointly focused on horticulture and sculpture. Meijer Gardens and Sculpture Park includes a large tropical conservatory, an 8-acre Japanese garden, major works of modern and contemporary sculpture on the grounds and indoors, along with a series of outdoor gardens and nature trails. It is a well attended cultural site in Michigan, having attracted , visitors annually between -In the early s, the West Michigan Horticultural Society, a non-profit organization in Grand Rapids, Michigan,  was searching for a nearby site in order to establish a botanical garden and conservatory. As early as , a member of the Horticultural Society approached Frederik Meijer , founder of Meijer grocery megastores , to request the donation of a parcel of land. In January , Meijer, Inc. Frederik and Lena Meijer, of the Meijer Corporation , were instrumental in supporting the development of the project through the donation of land, financing, and by providing their sculpture collection to the park. The Gardens provided an outlet for Fred Meijer's growing collection of large-scale sculpture from Marshall Fredericks and for Lena Meijer's love of plants and flowers. A key feature of Gardens is the Lena Meijer Conservatory, a five-story, 15,square-foot 1, m 2 facility that supports tropical plants from around the world.
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A collection of bromeliads placed on a tree at Costa Flores, Costa Rica.
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2022 Best Ornamental Horticulture Colleges in Detroit, Michigan
Michigan State Univ. These programs are campus based, approximately three semesters in length, and include a professional internship. Efforts were made in horticulture to expand programs into major population centers through joint programs with community colleges. Issues addressed in the agreements include recruiting, admissions, advising, financial aid, integration of curriculum from both institutions, distance-learning delivery through the CODEC system, instructional commitments from campus-based and adjunct faculty, procedures for transfer to bachelor's degree program at MSU, and graduation.
Dressed in bright yellow rain jackets, a group of Lucerne residents fanned out across the neighborhood to sweep the sidewalks and pick up litter.
Manchester Bidwell is the parent firm of Manchester Craftsmen's Guild , a multi-disciplinary school with music, visual arts, horticulture programs and others for disadvantaged youths and adults. He advocated using the arts "as a strategy to get inside the spirits of these kids. Fulton St. Strickland's presentation fueled a panel discussion that included school district superintendents Bernard Taylor of Grand Rapids and Scott Scott Palczewski of Kentwood ; Birgit Klohs, president of economic development organization The Right Place, Inc. Taylor said some youths aren't equipped with skills to "break the code" of social success. For example, some don't know what salad or shrimp forks are for, he said. The challenge is providing a quality education for students amid dwindling resources.
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