Zone 6 cactus plants for garden

Zone 6 cactus plants for garden

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Cactus plants have some of the most attractive flowers you could want in your garden. Landscaping with cactus is more than a trendy landscape design. From succulents to agave, cactuses come in all sizes, shapes, and colors. These low-maintenance, drought-tolerant plants can save you time and water, too. Not all cactus plants bloom, but some of them produce colorful flowers for weeks at a time in the right conditions. The right cactus can be a colorful centerpiece for your flower bed.

  • 37 Best Drought Tolerant Plants that Grow In Lack of Water
  • How to Plant & Transplant Cactus
  • High Plains Gardening
  • Hens and Chicks Winter Care
  • A Guide to Growing and Caring for Succulents
  • How to Bring a Cactus Indoors for Winter
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: LET’S PLANT ep.1 Iza-style (cold hardy succulent rock garden - Northeastern US)

37 Best Drought Tolerant Plants that Grow In Lack of Water

It's hard to love a plant that's poised for attack. But hold the disparaging remarks about cactus, please. Thrust into harsh environments and graced with some of the world's most beautiful flowers, cacti did what they could to survive. Beneath the spiny, prickly, thorny, bristly and hurtful exterior, on some, spines so thick they looks more like an inverse pincushion, lies the heart of succulence. Cacti are loved world wide and are among the most collected of plants. It is rare to find a plant person without a potted cactus on their windowsill at least part of their life.

Cacti are natives to the Americas, believed to have originated in South America with the majority of the species inhabiting regions north and south of the hot zone, the moist, humid tropics surrounding the equator.

A few forest-type cacti inhabit Central America. It is thought that cacti found outside of the Americas have been introduced by birds, wind or collectors over the centuries. Cactaceae, the cactus family, includes anywhere from to species in about to genera, depending on one's source of information. They are extremely diverse in size and appearance, from the tiny button cactus, Epithelantha bokei , found in the Big Bend region to the giant saguaro, Carnegiea gigantea, the indicator plant of the Sonoran Desert.

Cacti are home in the America's arid and semi arid areas that have three climatic seasons: the hot and humid season at the beginning of the year, usually February to June, when the cacti grow. The dry and hot season, July to September, when they flower and bear fruit. And the season of rest, corresponding to our fall and winter. During the period of rest, the weather turns cold, even below freezing.

They've adapted to these conditions by drying out and shriveling during the dry hot season. Our cultivation of cacti should replicate these conditions for best results. In North America, Mexico contains the largest number of cacti taxa: species and 48 genera, approximately twice the number of taxa as in the United States.

Arizona boasts the highest number of the states with taxa 70 species and 60 varieties and Texas with taxa comprised of 95 species and 41 varieties. As research and exploration continue, these numbers will change. In fact, it is difficult to be absolute when defining and describing cactus as more and more studies are published. Although found primarily in arid and semi-arid regions, perhaps it is the lack of competition from more water-thirsty plants that left this land free for them to evolve and survive.

Cacti are designed to absorb and store water quickly and for long periods of time. Spines congregate moisture from the air for it to drip to the ground to be absorbed by long spread-out, shallow roots, capturing all available drops.

It is acceptable to use cactus, cacti and cactuses when referring to the plural. Even the above statement about replicating the cactus growing conditions for best results is not totally true!

Studies have shown home grown cactus from seeds in other climates, Europe, for instance, where there is great interest in all plants not European, thrived well in rich soil with ample water and humidity. Not all succulents are cacti, but all cacti are succulents -- again, not true. There are a few genera within the cactus family that store so little water they are not considered succulent. The succulent stem, either globose or columnar are built for water storage and minimum evaporation, ribbed or tuberculate with round nodule or small eminence, as in Mammillaria, and our Panhandle native , Coryphantha missouriensis, the nipple cactus.

The ribs and tubercles expand and contract with water availability. The more pronounced the grooves and tubercles, the less water the stem is holding. Likewise, the ribs are well rounded with ample moisture. Spines, always emerging from areoles photo right , are modified leaves, providing protection from herbivores. Spines also provide shading from the sun and deflection of wind to reduce evaporation even further.

Spines vary greatly in color, size and shape. Spines sometimes appear as woolly hair, offering the added protection against nighttime cold, or in combination with spines found in mostly columnar-shaped cacti found in high altitudes from Peru to Bolivia and Argentina, the Oreocereus genus. If the shape and form doesn't attract, it is certainly their flowers. Cactus have the most beautiful flowers in the world.

In some plants, the flowers are even bigger than the plant itself. Cacti flower every year, after reaching maturity, some species several times a year, including the Thelocactus bicolor, var. One enthusiastic reference mentioned the similarity of the cholla cactus to early roses in appeal — both have thorny canes and a single period of flowering. Driving a stretch of I between Amarillo and Santa Fe one June, I noticed acres of cane cholla, Opuntia imbricata , in full rose-pink bloom — quite a sight.

Growing cactus is similar to growing agave, lean gritty mineralized soil with good drainage and 6 to 8 hours of sunlight for the best blooms. Afternoon shade benefits most plants, but is not required. Cacti prefer acidic water to our alkaline city water, rain water is the best.

De-chlorinate a 5 gallon pail of city water by letting it sit in the sun for a day or two, adding one tablespoon of white vinegar or citrus acid to lower the pH if rainwater is not available. Spare the water in fall and winter for better survival or mound the plant to increase soil drainage. The large saguaro and organpipe cactus pictured above right are not cold hardy in the Texas Panhandle. The largest cacti that are cold hardy this far north are some of the opuntias , prickly pear cacti, the cylindropuntias , tree chollas, and Echinocereus triglochidiatus , claret cup cactus.

Sone of the most colorful are the rainbow cactus, both because of their flowers and their succulent stem or column. Unfortunately, our area is too cold for the large barrel cactus. However, two Echinocactus, E. Ferocactus hamatacanthus var hamatacanthus , a true barrel cactus and native to the Big Bend region is said to inhabit elevations up to and sometimes ft.

That could qualify survival in the Texas Panhandle, depending on the individual specimen's providence and soil drainage quite sharp, I'd image. Below is a list of cacti I believe are reliably cold hardy for Amarillo, or down to zero degrees F.

Many of these will survive colder temperatures. Populations of Opuntia fragilis grow natively in several locations in Wisconsin on rock outcrops and sandy soils. I am sure this is not a complete list of cold hardy cacti for the Texas Panhandle. Coryphantha echinus, sea urchin cactus, tiny orange flowers, native to the Chiso Mountains in SW Texas. Pictured at right.

Cylindropuntia whipplei , dwarf pencil cholla, plateau cholla, greenish yellow flowers in spring. Echinocactus horizonthalonius , Texas blue barrel cactus, perhaps only cold hardy to Zone 7, summer blooming, surviving two winters now at Amarillo Botanical Gardens. Echinocereus melanacanthus , White spined claret cup. Echinicereus reichenbachii, and E.

Echinocereus triglochidiatus , claret cup cactus, large, very showy. Pictured right. Echinocereus viridiflorus , green pitaya, green flowered hedgehog.

Early spring flowering. Mammillaria meiacantha , pincussion cactus, white flowers with a red stripe, spring flowering. Opuntia fragilis, fragile or brittle prickly pear. Opuntia leptocaulis , Tasajillo, pencil cactus, pencil like stems, twiggy structure. Red fruits after flowers, pictured at right in Palo Duro Canyon.

Opuntia phaeacantha major, Santa Fe prickly pear, brown spined prickly pear, pink flowers in spring. Opuntia polyacantha , Hunger cactus, very spiny. Pediocactus simpsonii, mountain ball cactus. Skip to main content. Article Category: Plant Lists. Coryphantha missouriensis, nipple cactus Coryphantha vivipara, pincushion or ball cactus Cylindropuntia whipplei , dwarf pencil cholla, plateau cholla, greenish yellow flowers in spring.

Echinocactus texensis , Horse crippler Echinocereus coccineus, Texas claret cup cactus, very showy Echinocereus coccineus x dasyacanthus Texas rainbow hedgehog Echinicereus engelmannii , Strawberry hedgehop Echinocereus fendlerii, Fendler's hedgehog Echinocereus fendleri rectispinus, pink flowered Fendler's hedgehog cactus Echinocereus melanacanthus , White spined claret cup Echinicereus mojavensis Echinicereus reichenbachii, and E.

Echinocereus triglochidiatus gonacanthus Echinocereus viridiflorus , green pitaya, green flowered hedgehog. Escobaria vivipara , beehive cactus Mammillaria heyderi , nipple cactus Mammillaria meiacantha , pincussion cactus, white flowers with a red stripe, spring flowering.

Opuntia engelmannii, Engelmann's prickly pear Opuntia engelmannii var. Opuntia imbricata, Cane cactus, tree cactus, cholla Opuntia kleiniae , candle cholla Opuntia leptocaulis , Tasajillo, pencil cactus, pencil like stems, twiggy structure. Opuntia macrorhiza , plains prickly pear Opuntia phaeacantha major, Santa Fe prickly pear, brown spined prickly pear, pink flowers in spring.

Opuntia polyacantha , Hunger cactus, very spiny Pediocactus simpsonii, mountain ball cactus Angie Hanna, April 24,Appropriate Grasses for the Texas Panhandle.

Shrubs for the Texas Panhandle. Southwest Evergreens, Agaves. Southwest Evergreens, Yuccas. Other Southwest Evergreens. Plants for Winter Interest. Leave this field blank. A semi-arid region, subject to sudden cloudbursts when it does rain. Occasional damaging hail. Windy conditions throughout the year.

Hot, searing sun. Low humidity. Rapid temperature shifts.


TREES 4. Annuals Annuals are plants that complete their life cycle in one season or one year eg. Balsam and Cosmos. Annuals are a group of plants which attain their full growth from seed, flower and die in one year or one season.

Other cactus plants with cold-weather tolerance to Zones 5 or 6 include: Cylindropuntia, called cholla, a prickly pear relative, grows with.

How to Plant & Transplant Cactus

Many succulents can be planted just about anywhere, from crafty DIY terrariums to exotic desert gardens. To help you identify your favorite desert plants, FTD created a visual compendium of of the most stunning desert plants and succulents. It features real photo examples so that you can easily choose the best plants for your home and garden. Desert plants have found a place in modern home and garden design. There are many plants in the desert that can survive in a xeriscape garden or even in a glass terrarium. Thus, desert plants have become popular for landscaping because they are easy to take care of due to their drought-tolerant capabilities. Popular desert plants include the Palo Verde tree, the Queen Victoria agave, the golden poppy, and the Mexican thread grass.

High Plains Gardening

Plant them outdoors for year-round color. They can take below-zero temperatures as long as you give them full sun and dry soil. Also known as a hen-and-chick plant, sempervivum is known for its gray-green rosettes that turn plum-colored when the temperatures drop. Where do sempervivums get the poultry nickname? The mother plant the hen spreads by making tiny, new rosettes on stalks chicks.

Agave is a large genus of succulents forming rosette shapes. Agave species vary widely, some are dwarf species and others are huge plants capable of growing up to 10 feet tall.

Hens and Chicks Winter Care

Live house plants deliveredAdd to Favorites. Planted with other bulbs like Show your love with houseplants! Alternatives to Best Selling Plants. We also offer many different beautiful and functional house pots and planters to make any houseplant a perfect fit in your home.

A Guide to Growing and Caring for Succulents

Lawn removal is on the mind of many Californians these days. In my own neighborhood I've seen many interesting and creative new gardens; one person even made a monument to the lawn of the past that includes an old push mower ringed with stones in a place of central prominence. If you're taking out some or all of your turf, you have a great opportunity to re-plant so your garden is bee-friendly. Unfortunately, rocks and cacti often seem to be the default options for low-water gardens. While bees use cactus flowers, this type of garden provides nothing else for these important animals. As an encouragement to do more, here's a concrete patio area at my own bee garden, before and after:. Concrete patio before tear-out. Not much here for bees.

Other cactus plants with cold-weather tolerance to Zones 5 or 6 include: Cylindropuntia, called cholla, a prickly pear relative, grows with.

How to Bring a Cactus Indoors for Winter

Applied Physiology Kit. As for all members of the Orchid Cactus family, a period of dryness and cool nighttime temperatures in the winter ensures summer bloom. The flowers open once a year after sunset for one night.

Looking for succulents that go below freezing? You're in the right place! Start with the labeled photos here. These common varieties can handle northern winters, snow, rainstorms if given excellent drainage and summer dry spells. There are two main genera: Sedum and Sempervivum. Lesser known are Rosularia, Delosperma , and Orostachys.

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Gardening Help Search. Although most problems associated with cacti and succulents grown as houseplants are bacterial or fungal diseases caused by overwatering, they do get the occasional insect pest. The most common pests are scale, mealy bugs and root mealy bugs. Less common pests include spider mites and fungus gnats. Control of these pests is difficult because they are small and hide in places that make them hard to see, because they have a cottony or hard covering to protect them or because they have developed a resistance to insecticides.

Altman Plants. Ah, summertime. You may know from magazine photos, or from Instagram, or from your own garden that the sheer number of plants to choose from can be overwhelming. So many good ones!

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