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Types of indoor bamboo type plants

Types of indoor bamboo type plants



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Types of indoor bamboo type plants

Hurricane-proof, drought-tolerant, briar-like… bamboo truly is the “Great Green Wall” of the tropics. The understory plants in this group are the ancient, hardy grasses, bamboo, and related species that thrive in poor soils, as well as on slopes, roadsides, and other open, often wind-swept areas. This group is an important and attractive component of many tropical ecosystems.

About most members of this group, see Tropical Grasses.

This group also includes a number of common plants that are sometimes called hardy or tropical bamboo. Most of these are native from southern Africa, although a few species are widely naturalized elsewhere.

These plants are often considered "indoor" bamboo plants because they will grow in our climate. However, they are generally not as fast-growing as true bamboo, and in fact some of them are grown for purposes other than furniture, such as decorative shrubs.

A "bamboo" is actually a kind of grass, or, in some cases, just a stem. The term often incorrectly refers to the members of this group, which are both herbaceous perennials and woody shrubs.

These include:

Stachyurus spp. (stalked bamboo). Used for shade and fruiting, due to their bamboo-like stems. These species are often confused with species of Fargesia, for which the term is sometimes used.

Fargesia (fargesia) species (fargesias). Stiff, often twisted stems, with eyes on the sides of the stems. This group is a misnomer for several species of Plectroniella and other genera.

Kolokia micrantha (Kolokia). This species has been traded as elephant grass, but as is typical of non-native plant species, the trade-name has been applied to several species with different names.

Plectroniella (plectroniellaceae). Typically with long stems, no eyes. These species are often confused with species of Fargesia.

Plectroniella (sarcochinae) species (sarcochinae). Long and delicate stems with eyes on the sides. These species are often confused with species of Fargesia.

Ptychosperma (ptychospermae). Stems with eyes, but no apparent middle leaves, and sometimes with stamens. These plants are often confused with species of Fargesia.

Bambusa spp. (bambusae). Long, smooth, and rigid stems, with the leaves scattered on the upper part of the stem.

Microstegium (microstegia). Stems with leafy basal leaves, resembling bamboo.

Ophiopogon (ophiopogoneae). These plants are a trifoliate grouping, the leaves having three leaflets.

Huperzia spp. (huperziaceae). Stiff, often twisted stems, with the leaves clustered or arranged in threes on the upper part of the stems. These plants are often confused with species of Fargesia.

The following is a glossary of terms used in this group:

Diameter of the culm of the plant.

Depressed.

Diurnal.

Erect.

Eyed stem (or leaf).

Fibrous.

Flattened basal leaves.

Fern-like.

Flowers.

Frequently true.

Fruiting.

Hairy.

Herbaceous.

Indumentum.

Inflorescence.

Inflorescence.

Leaf-like.

Glabrous.

Aromatic.

Leaf.

Sessile.

Stamina.

Stipitate.

Straight culm or stem.

Straight and erect.

Stubby culms.

Structure of the plant.

Structure.

Stunted.

Trifoliate.

Trifoliate leaves.

Trunk.

Tuber.

Twisted.

Upright.

Upper leaf.

Vine.

Vines.

Viscid.

Woolly.

Similar to bamboo.

'Indoors' Bambusa spp.

Liane

Bambusa glauca

'Big Leaf' Bambusa vulgaris

Bambusa vulgaris

Common bamboo

Bambusa vulgaris

Fargesia (fargesia)

Fargesia (fargesia)

Fargesia (fargesia)

Fargesia (fargesia)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)

Iris (iris)