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How to care for potted orchid plant

How to care for potted orchid plant



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I have experimented with lots of different ways to water orchids. Learning how to properly water orchids took a lot of experimentation and fine-tuning. To master watering orchids, it is essential to water from above with fresh, pure water. For orchids with water storage, pseudobulbs, water when the potting mix is approaching dry. Otherwise, for orchids without water storage, without pseudobulbs, keep the potting mix barely damp. Knowing when and how to water orchids is an important factor in becoming a successful orchid grower.

Content:
  • Orchid Plant Pots
  • How to Care for Potted Orchids Indoors
  • How to Grow and Care for Orchids Indoors
  • The Ultimate Guide to Orchid Care
  • Orchid: Ultimate Flower Guide
  • How to care for orchids
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: 14 Easy Steps: Orchid Care For Beginners - Phalaenopsis orchid care for beginners - iKnow

Orchid Plant Pots

Learn about the different types of orchids and the basics of how to care for these stunning plants in this comprehensive guide. Orchids may seem mysterious and rare, like the precious jewels of the plant world. But you probably encounter them — at least in their seed form — on a regular basis. Maybe you even ate some in your yogurt with breakfast this morning. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products.

If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. Each of those little black specks is a seed. And V. Some orchid pods, of a size that you could easily hold in your hand, can contain millions of teeny tiny seeds.

And just as vanilla brings luscious flavor to many different desserts, as houseplants, orchids bring their alluring beauty into our homes. In fact, most orchids that struggle to survive fail to thrive as the result of too much attention rather than too little. Knowledge of the right kind of extra care, on the other hand, will turn you into an orchid-growing pro. Since most of us may think of these houseplants as tropical species, it may be surprising to discover that there are native orchids to be found in most locations around the world, ranging from above the Arctic circle down to southern Patagonia.

Although this article focuses on cultivars that can be grown as houseplants, there are even hardy orchids that can be grown outdoors in your flower garden. Orchids are perennials. They often grow on trees, just like bromeliads or air plants do, and they can have one of two growth habits: monopodial or sympodial.

Some sympodial types have pseudobulbs, a swollen stem base that is used to store water and nutrients for the plant in times of drought. Orchids are grown for their spectacularly striking flowers, which can last for a day or less, or up to several months, depending on the species or cultivar. Some species exhibit beautiful patterns on their foliage as well, such as certain types of paphiopedilums and jewel orchids. Dedicated orchidophiles are willing to keep these otherwise mild-mannered plants around when they are not in bloom because, when the flowers do appear, it feels as if the heavens have parted and a choir of angels has appeared.

Some plants may only produce a single flower at a time, some may produce several, and others may produce a whole mass of blooms. The number of flowers your plant will produce at one time depends on the species or cultivar. The age of the plant can also influence the number of flowers it produces. They are also highly attractive to us humans, with their stunning array of colors, patterns, and sometimes intoxicating fragrances.

We may find them intriguing for another reason, too — they have a certain type of symmetry that is particularly appealing.

Take sunflowers , zinnias , or cosmos , for example. Each of these lovely flowers is symmetrical all the way around — if you look at the flower head-on, there is no obvious top or bottom.

Orchids, on the other hand, have bilateral symmetry, meaning there are two halves that are mirror images of each other — just like a human face — where we recognize a top, a bottom, and a midline. Many of these flowers imitate the pollinators they are trying to attract. One such example is the bee orchid, Ophrys apifera , which resembles a bee, not only to our eyes, but also to the compound eyes of male bees who try to mate with it.

This mimicry results in some very intriguing flower shapes and patterns — which is perhaps why some individuals collect these flowers as if they were works of art. Orchids make up a very large taxonomic family of flowering plants called Orchidaceae, which includes around 30, different species.

To put things in perspective, that means there are more than four times as many orchid species as there are species of mammals. Another perhaps more relatable example of a taxonomic family is that of the felines — Felidae — which includes both house cats and cheetahs.

And there are only 37 species of feline, compared with the tens of thousands of orchids out there. In the orchid world, perhaps the very popular phalaenopsis is most like the house cat, happy to live its life sitting in your windowsill, while Vanilla planifolia , one of the sources of the delicious vanilla bean, is more of a cheetah, requiring greenhouse conditions to thrive and potentially growing more than a hundred feet long.

I offer this comparison to highlight how important it is for you to find out what type of orchid you have, so you can provide it with the very best care. If you thought these were primarily tropical plants, it may surprise you to know that in the wild, orchids grow on every continent except Antarctica. In pretty much every climate inhabited by humans, these striking flowers are there too, growing in the crevices of trees, on rocks, or in leaf litter on the forest floor.

However, lest you think of these plants as freeloaders, even though they may grow on trees, they are not parasites. Orchids can be categorized into four different types, depending on what type of surface they grow on in their native habitats:.

These different natural habitats result in a range of distinct requirements we should be aware of when we bring one of these plants into our homes. Some, such as cymbidiums, are used to bright light and cool temperatures, while others, such as phalaenopsis, prefer dimmer light and a warmer environment.

Humans have admired these flowers since at least the time of Confucius, who wrote about his veneration for them. And there were orchid field guides being written in China as far back as the s. In the West, there are no records of anyone growing these flowers in their homes until the s. By the s, they became popular among well-to-do Europeans, who sent explorers out to find rare specimens in distant lands and bring them back home in special protective cases. Unfortunately, these manic collectors assumed the plants all came from hot and steamy jungles, and sought to provide them with only the sultriest growing conditions in their homes.

A History of the Orchid. The species that tolerated these hot, dry conditions were a very small minority, and most plants perished with this treatment.

On the other side of the Atlantic, the wild orchids of south Florida were almost wiped out during this time, when collectors removed them from the wild to grow them as potted houseplants. If you asked the orchids for their point of view, they might claim that orchidelirium never ended.

Unscrupulous traffickers illegally harvest rare specimens from the wild, putting these plants at risk of extinction. To avoid contributing to the disappearance of these magnificent plants in the wild, always make sure to choose plants from a reputable source. The American Orchid Society recommends only purchasing cultivars propagated from seed or tissue via cloning , to discourage illegal harvesting.

Luckily, there are plenty of ways for those of us who become obsessed with these plants to scratch that itch without resorting to the purchase of specimens harvested illegally. There are over different genera in the orchid family, and many of them hybridize easily between different species or even different genera, providing breeders with many possibilities for creating attractive hybrids. To date, horticulturalists have produced over , cultivated varieties, and that number keeps growing.

While some species are also used for medicinal purposes, apart from the culinary star vanilla, most are grown as colorful houseplants or as specimens in collections, making our lives sweeter through their highly symmetrical good looks. If so, your plant is known as a mericlone, a clone created by growing out a tissue sample from a plant. In the wild, orchid seeds rely on partnerships with beneficial fungi in order to germinate and grow. In addition to seed sowing and tissue culture, they may be propagated by methods more practical to the average home gardener although not all methods apply to all types of orchids :.

While growing orchids from seed may produce flowers with features unlike the parent plant, these other methods will result in clones, so there will be no surprises as to what type of flower your plant will produce. Want to get into the details of these different propagation methods? Make sure to check out our article on orchid propagation. Even within the same genus, different species may have differing requirements in terms of temperature, frequency of watering, amount of daylight, and humidity.

So if you start off your orchid growing adventure with a properly identified cultivar, it will be easier to find out what conditions are best for it, to provide exactly what it needs. However, you may not know exactly what kind of orchid you have if it was purchased from a grocery store. Plus, since these plants hybridize easily, even between different genera, and many of these intergeneric hybrids are available commercially, identification is even less straightforward. If the plant is potted in a transparent plastic pot, this is great, because it will allow you to inspect not only the top portions of the orchid, but its roots as well — an important indicator of health.

Another good idea is to smell the growing medium. If it smells funky, the roots are probably rotting. If you purchased it online, gently unwrap the packaging around your plant. It should have been packed in a way that protects the plant even if the package was turned upside down or thrown around during transit. Instead, choose a location with medium, indirect light. Let it recover for a few days before placing it in its permanent growing spot to give it a gradual transition back to normal life.

Otherwise, wait for two or three days to water, or until it is acclimated to its new home. To reduce the need for regular watering, plants sold in these establishments are often potted in a growing medium that will keep the roots moist — usually too moist. Repot your plant in an appropriate growing medium to start it off on the right foot. Check out the instructions for repotting below. In addition, most also prefer temperatures at least degrees cooler at night — and for many varieties this is not only preferred but necessary in order to promote flowering.

Some are considered cool growers, some warm growers, and some are in between — these are known as intermediate growers. These include standard Cymbidium , Odontoglossum , Miltoniopsis , and many Paphiopedilum species. These include Phalaenopsis and most types of Vanda , as well as Paphiopedilum species with mottled or strap-shaped leaves. As for light requirements, this is what you need to know: give your orchids bright, indirect light.

Of course, if you do know what type you have, there is actually a more nuanced range of light preferences among the different species and cultivars. This is good news for fans of these flowers, opening up more possibilities for growing them in different parts of our homes — some cultivars can be placed in higher light areas near southern windows, and some can live happily in lower light areas, such as near eastern windows, with options in between as well.

In fact, choosing your variety depending on how much light is available in your home is an excellent idea. These are general indications for most orchid genera, but always double check care guides for your particular species or cultivar.

Higher light species include many varieties from the Cattleya , Cymbidium , Ascocenda , Phragmipedium , Brassia , Vanda , and Dendrobium genera. These can be placed close to south-facing windows that have some shading from trees or a sheer curtain. Dendrobiums can tolerate some direct light in the morning, but avoid giving them direct light in the middle of the day — or place them a foot or so away from the window.

Medium light species include Oncidium , Miltonia, and mini Cattleya species. These can be placed a bit further away from a southern window, or on a windowsill but with more shading either from trees or blinds.

Lower light species include varieties of Paphiopedilum , Phalaenopsis , and jewel orchids. These should be placed near eastern windows to receive morning light — with some exceptions. If you live in a climate that is frequently overcast such as that of the Pacific Northwest, you may need to situate lower light species on a south-facing windowsill.

On the other hand, in my very sunny northern Utah climate I have been able to grow lower light species, and even get them to flower, in a bright window on the north side of my house — where they were exposed to bright, indirect light. Generally, leaves should be medium to lime green in color.


How to Care for Potted Orchids Indoors

Orchids are epiphytic in their native habitat, growing on trees and rock formations, instead of directly in the ground. Species from t he orchid family Orchidaceae can be found in almost every habitat around the world besides glaciers — but the most diverse types of orchids can be found in the tropics. These tropical orchids are known for their bright, showy flowers that come in many different colors. There are over 25, different orchid species around the world, and over triple that number in cultivars and hybrids! The popular Phalaenopsis orchid is one of the easiest varieties of orchids to grow as a houseplant, and is often called the beginner orchid due to its easy going nature, or the moth orchid due to the shape of its blooms. Native to India, China, and Southeast Asia — this orchid with leafy stems and long-lasting flowers does best a bright, warm, humid spot. Indoors, the Phalaenopsis will typically bloom about once a year, for up to three months.

There is no doubt why these plants are so popular with their beautiful flowers and glossy green leaves, but caring for an orchid can be intimidating to some.

How to Grow and Care for Orchids Indoors

Plants can boost your well-being and make the home feel more vibrant. This plant blooms several times per year if you are nice to it. In nature, it hangs on trees and uses air roots to get nutrients. Decorate your home with plants combined with a plant pot to suit your style. This plant is sensitive to over watering. Too much water in the pot can restrict the oxygen flow to the roots, causing damage to the plant. Give your plants a boost with fertiliser every month. If you notice that the plant has gone dormant - let it be until next season. IKEA provides all potted plants with nutrient-rich soil, repotting is not needed until 1 year after purchase.

The Ultimate Guide to Orchid Care

You can find them on every continent except Antarctica. You can also find them at your neighborhood grocery store, which makes them an accessible and affordable option for home hobbyists looking for an outlet during the pandemic. They can be tricky. Your common questions about indoor plants, answered.

Orchids are an ever-popular indoor potted plant.

Orchid: Ultimate Flower Guide

Orchids are popular houseplants and make a beautiful addition to houseplant displays. Moth orchids Phalaenopsis are the most common type of orchid grown in the UK. The popularity of moth orchids has led to other types of orchids becoming more readily available to grow as houseplants. These include Dendrobium orchids , Paphiopedilum orchids, Oncidium orchids, Vanda orchids and Cambria hybrid orchids. These are all easy to grow in most homes, producing dramatic displays of exotic blooms.

How to care for orchids

Orchids are a wonderful plant to gift to your loved ones but let's be honest, they have a reputation for being difficult to keep alive. In fact, with a little know how, you'll find that orchids are surprisingly easy to care for and it is entirely possible to keep an orchid living for years. Although orchids are commonly found growing wild in tropical rainforests, they do not need heavy watering. In fact, the most common way people harm an orchid is by over watering. When it comes to watering an orchid, the golden rule is to ensure the plant is not constantly sitting in water so that it causes the roots to rot. Most orchids will live in a clear container with a potting medium such as soil and bark, which will then sit inside a holding pot. Using distilled or recently boiled and cooled tap water, fill the clear orchid pot and holding pot so that the orchid roots are fully submerged.

When buying an orchid, don't transplant it into a larger container. Rather place the plant together with its pot into a larger decorative.

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RELATED VIDEO: Orchid Care for Beginners - How to water Phalaenopsis Orchids

If you just want a plant that you can water once a week and leave alone for long periods of time, then stick to succulents. Orchids are beautiful when they bloom, and keeping one alive for a long time will make you really proud, but be prepared to pamper them a bit more often than other plants. Here are six tips to help you keep your orchids alive. Orchids need a lot of bright and indirect light, according to Westphoria.

By: Editors of Consumer Guide.

These blooming plants need different care than many other houseplants. But once you know the basics, you can keep your orchids thriving with confidence. Orchids have a reputation for being tough-to-grow houseplants. Sure, they may require specialized potting mix and a certain amount of water to thrive, but this large, diverse group of plants includes many species that are easy to grow indoors. And in return for your efforts to provide what they need, they will reward you with their exotic-looking flowers for years to come. To help you gain confidence caring for these beautiful flowering plants, we rounded up some of our best tips for keeping them happy and healthy, including how to water orchids , how to fertilize them, and what potting mix to use.

Orchids are popular houseplants and although there are countless species, they all have similar physical characteristics. Orchids are easy to spot because of their arcs of branches, called spikes, covered with softly colored blooms in solid colors or speckles. Their petals and sepals innermost petals are typically found in groups of three. The bottom petal, usually called a lip or labellum, is shaped like that to host pollinators like bees if grown outdoors.