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Indoor plants with long pointed leaves

Indoor plants with long pointed leaves



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It can be soothing to care for houseplants and help them grow. Not all plants are created equal, and the ideal care for one plant will quickly cause another to wither. But what if you inherited a plant without a label, or long since forgot what species your houseplant is? Each plant species has different needs regarding:. A good go-to option for identifying plants is our app PlantSnap. This app identifies flowers and leaves using a photo-identification algorithm.

Content:
  • Gardening Australia
  • Categories of Indoor Plants
  • A - Z Index List of House Plants
  • 23 of the Easiest Houseplants You Can Grow
  • Schefflera, a very easy leaf plant
  • Houseplant Identification 101
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Top 5 LARGE Houseplants! - November 2018

Gardening Australia

Much of the scenic beauty of nature has been replaced by densely populated areas that sprawl for miles from urban centers. This visual pollution affects us all and leaves us with a longing for a closer connection with nature. We spend about 90 percent of our time indoors. Interior plants are an ideal way to create attractive and restful settings while enhancing our sense of well being. In addition, houseplants can be a satisfying hobby and can help purify the air in our homes.

Indoor plants not only convert carbon dioxide to oxygen, but they also trap and absorb many pollutants. To be a successful indoor gardener, you need to understand how the interior environment affects plant growth and how cultivation differs from growing plants outdoors. Of all of the factors affecting plant growth in interiors, adequate light is by far the most important. Light is needed for plants to produce food and survive — generally, the more light available, the more food produced for growth.

Light is measured in units called foot candles. One footcandle ft-c is the amount of light cast by a candle on a white surface 1 foot away in a completely dark room.

Outdoors, the light levels on a bright day range from 10, ft-c in an open sunny area to ft-c or less in the shade of a large tree. It is very helpful to have a general idea of how much light is present in a given location in your house. You can get a fairly good estimate with a handheld light meter, or you can use a 35 mm camera and do the following:.

With the help of this table, you can obtain the light intensity reading from anywhere in your home. Using the light readings, your home can be divided into four areas, which have the following light levels for 8 hours per day:. In your home, the amount of light in a given location is variable — it is affected by the presence of trees outdoors may shade at certain times , roof overhangs may shade at certain times , wall color reflectance , window curtains, day length, time of day, and time of year.

When shopping for indoor plants, select plants for a given location based on the approximate light levels in the spot. Increasing the number of hours of light exposure can also help—for example, 16 hours of light and 8 hours of dark. This extends the number of hours during which plants receive light. Indoor plants are classified according to the amount of light needed for growth.

A list of plants and their light requirements is provided in Table 3. Windows with eastern exposure within the home generally provide the best light and temperature conditions for most indoor plant growth because plants receive direct morning light from sunrise until nearly midday.

Footcandle readings at these windows can reach 5,, As the morning progresses, the direct sun recedes from the room. An eastern room is cooler than southern or western rooms because the house absorbs less radiant heat. Light from the east is cooler than that from the south or the west, and thus it causes less water loss from the plants. Windows with southern exposure give the largest variation of light and temperature conditions.

The low winter sun shines across the room for most of the daylight hours. In the summer, when the sun is farther north than it is in the winter, the sun rises at a sharp angle in the morning and is high in the sky by noon.

Direct light comes into a south window only at midday. If there is a wide overhang covering the windows outside, the sun may not enter the room at all. The sun at noon on a summer day may measure 10, ft-c. Indoors, however, a southern window with wide eaves on the outside will receive about the same amount of light as a window with northern exposure. Southern and western exposures are interchangeable for most plants. In the winter, most plants, except those with definite preference for northern exposure, can be placed in a room with southern exposure.

Windows with northern exposure provide the least light and the lowest temperature. Because the United States is in the northern hemisphere, it receives most of its sunlight from the south.

Out of the four exposures, the northern exposure receives the least light and heat year round. Because of the low-light levels, maintaining healthy plants can be a challenge. A northern windowsill can measure light levels as low as ft-c on a clear winter day, which is optimal for some plants, such as the African violet. This exposure is best for plants with green foliage because the coloration on variegated foliage tends to disappear under low-light conditions. Although most plants grown indoors will not grow in a northern room, they may tolerate it for short periods of time.

Seasons change the amount of natural light entering through windows. For example, the summer sun reaches a higher zenith compared to the winter sun Figure 2. Therefore, sunlight penetrates farther into a room during winter. Temperature is the second most important factor influencing plant growth in interior environments. People feel comfortable in the range of 72 degrees F degrees F, and interior plants can tolerate and grow well in the 58 degrees F degrees F range because most indoor plants originate from tropical and subtropical areas of the world.

Temperature and light are linked through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. Photosynthesis builds sugars and starch, which are then broken down by respiration to provide energy for the development of new tissues growth and the maintenance of existing ones. High temperature speeds up respiration. If the plant is not producing sufficient sugars as under low light , then high temperatures may break down what little sugars are made, leaving little to none for growth.

Maintenance takes precedence over growth; therefore, under insufficient light, plants do not grow. If light is so low that sugars produced are insufficient for maintenance, the plant eventually dies. When sugar levels are low, the plant takes nutrients and sugars from older leaves to maintain new leaves.

To help plants in an indoor environment, two options are available: 1 raise light levels to increase photosynthesis and sugar production or 2 reduce night temperature to lower respiration rates and allow more sugars for growth. What temperatures are likely to occur in homes? During the summer, air conditioning that may have been turned off at night or weekend thermostat settings that may have been raised result in higher than desirable night temperatures.

During the winter, heating that may have been turned off at night or weekend thermostat settings that may have been lowered may result in lower night temperatures.

Be especially careful not to allow temperatures to drop below 50 degrees F, or chill damage will result on some sensitive foliage plants e. Plants vary in their minimum and maximum temperature requirements. Examples of cool-loving plants suitable for locations where temperatures drop to the low 50s at night and 60s during the day are Cyclamen, Wonder Plant, Fatshedera, Japanese Aralia, and Fatsia.

A list of plants and their temperature requirements is provided in Table 3. Not all interior plants have the same temperature requirements for optimal growth. Such temperatures are rarely allowed indoors. The best temperature range for indoor plants is 70 degrees F — 80 degrees F day and 65 degrees F — 70 degrees F night. Relative humidity is the amount of moisture contained in the air. For interior plants, relative humidity below 20 percent is considered low, 40 percent — 50 percent is medium, and above 50 percent is high.

Relative humidity is a very important factor, but it is easily overlooked. In a greenhouse, relative humidity is 50 percent or higher. Rapid transpiration and water loss may result when newly purchased plants are placed in the 10 percent — 20 percent relative humidity typical of most homes Figure 3.

Most indoor plants come from the tropics where high relative humidity is common. Therefore, take the following steps to help your plants adjust to the low relative humidity in your home.

Learning to water is one of the most important skills in plant care. Applying too much water can suffocate plant roots and too little water causes growth to become erratic and stunted. Watering frequency will depend on the conditions under which the plants are growing. When dealing with how much water to apply, consider the following:. Improper watering causes many problems.

Containers with saucers may cause an excessive build-up of soluble salts from the applied fertilizer. High levels of soluble salts can cause damage to plant roots and a decline in growth. Discard any water that had drained in the saucer after irrigation, and apply large quantities of water to the soil to leach the accumulated soluble salts.

In deciding when you should water, feel the soil by pushing a finger an inch or so below the surface. If the soil is still moist, no further water is needed. Water devices or water meters are also available to simplify watering.

Alleviate this problem by letting the water stand for several days — so that some chlorine and fluorine will be released from it — before applying the water to the plants. Move susceptible plants away from the edge of the pool to prevent water splashes from reaching the foliage. Do not use susceptible plants around enclosed pools. In general, plants with long linear leaves such as the Spider Plant are more susceptible to fluorine.

Many indoor gardeners have the same problem with fertilizer that they have with water — they want to give their plants too much. Danger from over-fertilization occurs because any fertilizer used, whether in liquid, powder, or tablet form, will dissolve in soil water and will form salts in the water.

A newly purchased, healthy plant rarely needs an immediate application of fertilizer. In most cases, the amount of fertilizer applied by the commercial producer will supply enough nutrients for two to three months in the home.

This rule is flexible — if deficiency symptoms are evident, fertilizer application is desirable. The secret to fertilizing plants indoors is to apply small amounts of fertilizer as the plant grows. Without new growth, the plant has a limited need for more fertilizer. During the summer when light levels increase and the plant is actively growing, its need for fertilizer increases.

As a starting point, use about one-fourth the label rate for monthly applications. If the overall plant color becomes lighter green, fertilize every two weeks. If the new growth is dark green but the leaves are small and internodes seem longer than on the older growth, decrease the fertilizer rate.


Categories of Indoor Plants

If you want to improve your interior without splurging a lot of money, grow these large foliage houseplants. The look of stunning huge leaves can be new focal points. Also, a tall indoor plant with big leaves and can make a small room look bigger by drawing eyes vertically and creating an illusion of an enlarged interior. Image Credit: Disney Travel Babble. Bird of paradise can give an extraordinary look to your living room with its big banana-like foliage and excellent 5 to 6 feet height. Place this tropical plant in a location with bright indirect sunlight. See the full house tour of this Disney inspired home here.

The best indoor plants for clean air – boost health and wellbeing with the why the Snake Plant is one of our best-sellers – not only do its long leaves.

A - Z Index List of House Plants

Flora Grubb Gardens plant store offers a wide variety of houseplants for a wide range of light conditions, from bright sun to moderate light to low-light rooms. Visit our Sun Room or our indoor houseplant showroom for a year-round selection of plants for your home or office. To learn more about caring for your houseplants visit our handy guide. We carry many varieties of ficus houseplants for your indoor garden. Here are a few of our favorites with some helpful information and fascinating botanical history! At Flora Grubb Gardens, our plant shop in San Francisco, we find that Adeniums are beloved by plant lovers from surprisingly different backgrounds. Humidity is often a crucial but overlooked! Here are some tips and tricks for making sure that your plant is happy with the amount of humidity in the room so it can thrive.

23 of the Easiest Houseplants You Can Grow

Did you know houseplants can communicate? Thankfully, plants communicate with us all the time. No one likes stress, not even plants. Stressors can include lack of water, over watering, temperature change, less light — you name it. The plant will likely adapt to its new situation.

Plants are not only a great temporary option for decorating your apartment, but can also help with your mood, brighten up your space, and improve the air quality in your space.

Schefflera, a very easy leaf plant

We shop for a living — here are the products we loved inOur editors independently selected these items because we think you will enjoy them and might like them at these prices. If you purchase something through our links, we may earn a commission. Pricing and availability are accurate as of publish time. Indoor plants not only act as a quick decorating tool , they also help clean the environment and air around them. But if you're worried you have a black thumb, fret not!

Houseplant Identification 101

Growing indoor houseplants has become a trend that will stay with us for a very long time. Large houseplants are not only good for your health, but offers a great way to add some much needed color and texture. With its large, deep green, variegated or glossy leaves and a vertical growing nature, rubber plant not only brings a sense of sophistication to casual spaces, but also softens modern rooms. Rubber plants are easy to grow hence with well aerated and good draining potting soil, the plant will not disappoint. Try using 1-part peat, 1-part pine bark and 1-part coarse sand or perlite for better performance. Feed your plant with a diluted liquid fertilizer every two weeks during spring and summer to keep it healthy. Maintain the glossy clean dust free look by cleaning your plants using a sponge or soft cloth and tepid water. The most common indoor varieties includes; F.

A lack of sufficient light causes the plant to grow long spaces on stems between the leaf nodes (the point where a leaf grows out from the stem).

Mother Nature has gifted us with a variety of plants adorned with waxy leaves. This wax can retain water and protect the leaves from frigid temperatures. Want to meet these plants? Follow along the list to explore the most popular plants with waxy leaves.

RELATED VIDEO: How to Keep a Croton Plant HAPPY: Croton Plant Care

Looking to add a touch of green to your home decor? Adding indoor plants to your home has multiple benefits — they purify the air and embellish our homes by simply adding on to the aesthetic value of the space. However, it is important to pick the right kind of plants — ones that can thrive indoors and grow well with basic care and watering. An easy-to-maintain indoor plant that thrives in low light, it absorbs toxins and chemicals from the air and converts carbon dioxide into oxygen.

Use the plant finder tool to easily search our online database of stunning colour photographs and informative plant descriptions.

To the untrained eye, identifying houseplants can be a challenge. It could be a pothos, but it also looks a lot like a philodendron. Or is that a Monstera? And what exactly classifies a plant as a succulent anyway? There are so many houseplants out there — often with a variety of shapes and colors. The hope is that, when finished, you have all the information you need to identify the plants in your home. Each plant has unique needs, so identifying your indoor plants helps you understand their water, light, soil, fertilizer, and potting requirements.

Houseplants are good for your health — and not just for their visual beauty. They essentially do the opposite of what we do when we breathe: release oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide. This not only freshens up the air, but also eliminates harmful toxins. Extensive research by NASA has revealed that houseplants can remove up to 87 per cent of air toxin in 24 hours.